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Subject professor
Term consultation:

tuesday 10-12

E-mail: branislav.trivic@rgf.bg.ac.rs

Structural Geology

Course Description

Study program: Geology (III semester -OAS), Geophysics (III semester -OAS), Geotechnics (III semester -OAS), Hidrogeology (III semester -OAS), Underground Construction (IX semester -DAS)

Name of subject: Structural Geology

Instructors: Dr Branislav Trivić, Nemanja Krstekanić

Status: Optional


Prerequisites: -

Course Objectives: Introduction to students of all study programs of the Geology department on morphology, origin, kinematics and classification of geological structures and their significance in fundamental and applied geological studies.

Learning Outcomes: After completing the course, the students will be able to recognize, describe and statistically analyze all the basic types of geological structures such as folds, faults, joints, cleavage, schistosity, etc. In addition, students will be competent to make appropriate analysis and classifications of geological structures based on selected criteria. Using acquired knowledge during the course through the work on distinct examples from the field, the student will be able to perform the analysis and interpretation of the geological structures and clearly define geometry and origin of the ductile and brittle deformation in rocks of the Earth crusts. Also, they will be able to recognize complex tectonic conditions in the mesoscopic as well as macroscopic scale area. In addition, after laboratory exercises on stereographic net projection students will be able to properly process, analyze and interpret the field and other structural data.


Theory teaching
Concept of the geological structures. Attitude of planar and linear structural element and their symbolization on geological maps. Field work and structural data acquisition. Use of stereographic net projections in structural geology. Homogeneous and heterogeneous structural assemblies. Introduction to deformation in rocks (concept of stress and strain). Brittle and ductile deformation structures. Morphology, origin and kinematics of: joints, faults, folds as well secondary structures (cleavage, boudinage, mullion, rodding structures etc.). Introduction to structural analysis.

Practical teaching
Geological compasses techniques: how to measuring attitude of geological structures. Stereographic projection. Using of polar and equatorial stereographic projections (Schmidt and Wulff net’s) for presentation of planar and linear structural elements. Construction and interpretation of geological structures on maps and cross sections. Strain ellipsoid, principal strain axes and possible joint systems. Analysis of faults, kinematic indicators, sense of movement and stress axes. Analysis of folds formed in different settings and rock types, fold elements, vergence, classification of folds. Reconstruction of faulted folds on maps and in cross section.

Suggested Reading List

  1. Димитријевић М., 1964: Структурна геологија – скрипта; Рударско-геолошки факултет, Катедра за методе геолошког картирања, Београд.
  2. Петровић Б., 1991: Структурна геологија – практикум; Лабораторија за методе геолошког картирања, Београд.
  3. Димитријевић М., 1978: Геолошко картирање, ИЦС, Београд.
  4. Тривић Б., Димитријевић М., 2012: Структурна геологија - основе, у штампи, Београд.
  5. Analysis of Geological Structures; N. J. Price, J. W. Cosgrove, Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Fund Hours:

Lectures Exercises Other forms of teaching Study research
2 3 0 0

Conduct of the Course: Lectures in the form of PowerPoint presentations, individual exercises, MOODLE course application includes tests, presentations, examples, short notes for each teaching unit, training materials, etc. Presentation of geological structures through photographs and animations for different structural models and complex structural forms. Training in specialized software for statistical data processing.

AssessmentОцена знања:

Final Exam ECTS
Written Exam 40
Oral Exam 24
Classwork Assessment ECTS
Class Participation 12
Practical Classes 24

Additional Assessment Criteria -